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Improper Passing of an Emergency Vehicle (Scott's Law) 625 ILCS 5/11-907(c)


Scott's law was passed to protect emergency personnel from motorists at traffic stops and emergency scenes. The law was named after Chicago Fire Lieutenant Scott Gillen, who was struck and killed by a motorist while assisting at the scene of a crash.


625 ILCS 5/11-907(c) Improper Passing of an Emergency Vehicle: If you see an emergency vehicle pulled over with its emergency lights on, you must, if possible, lane change away from the emergency vehicle to give space. If changing lanes would be impossible or unsafe, a driver must reduce the speed of their vehicle and maintain a safe distance from the stationary emergency vehicle.


Improper Passing of an Emergency Vehicle is a business offense. It carries a mandatory fine of $250 - $10,000 for a first violation, and $750 - $10,000 for a second or subsequent violation.

Improper Passing of an Emergency Vehicle resulting in vehicle damage is a class A misdemeanor and carries a mandatory suspension of driving privileges for a minimum of 90 days and up to 1 year.

Improper Passing of an Emergency Vehicle that results in injury or death is a class 4 felony and, if the violation results in death, the person's driving privileges will be suspended for 2 years.

Improper Passing of an Emergency vehicle in violation of 625 ILCS 5/11-907(c) is an offense that does not allow for court supervision. If found guilty of this offense, a conviction will enter. A conviction on your driving record may affect your driving privileges and your insurance. It is important to consult with an attorney if you are charged with any crime or traffic offense.

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